About West Papua

West Papua is the western half of the New Guinea island and comprises the two eastern-most Indonesian Provinces (Province Papua & Province Papua Barat). After decades of transmigration from other parts of Indonesia, the indigenous Melanesian population makes up less than 40% of the population. Indigenous Papuans while surround by enormous natural wealth are facing violence from Indonesian security forces, racial discrimination, exploitation of natural resources and environment by national and multi-national companies as well as the military. While the Special Autonomy Law gives Papuans more control over their situation and resources on Paper, Papuans deplore that their New York treaty-based right to hold a referendum for their political status has never been properly implemented. Repeated clashes between armed resistance fighters and the Indonesian army with considerable civilian victims call for a peaceful resolution of the conflict.

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