The police is currently investigating allegations regarding several training camps which have been established by the Islamist terror organisation Jamaah Ansharut Daulah (JAD). The police suspects that JAD trained recruited fighters in the Papuan regencies Merauke and Keerom. According to Indonesian terrorism expert, Al Chaidar Puteh, from the Malikussaleh University in Aceh, the JAD has several members owning companies and land in the Papua Province. The JAD cell based in Lampung, South Sumatra, claimed responsibility for the terror attack in central Jakarta on 17 January 2016.
The Papuan Regional Police (Polda Papua) has launched investigations in both regencies throughout May 2019, but has not found any proof of such training camps. The head of the ministry for religious affairs in the Keerom Regency, Karel Mambay, emphasized in a public interview that is important to react promptly to these allegations in order to avoid panic and safeguard the religious tolerance in West Papua.